Man. Gas Processes
Contamination Threat Modes
Residuals - Components
Sources of MGP Liquid Effluent
FMG Plants in the US
Parallel MG Technologies
Think you've found a gas works?
Locating and Confirming a Site
Locations of US Gas Plants
FMGP In The News
FMGP In The Arts
Coal-tar Site Litigation
Related sites on the Internet
Literature of Manufactured Gas
Publications by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by others
Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the
THE STATE OF HAWAII
known as the Sandwich Islands, this vacation-popular chain of eastern Pacific
ocean volcanic islands was “discovered” by the western world in the course of
navigation and the “China” trade of the early 19th century. Climatically, the
volcanic rocks break down with weathering to yield plentiful fertile soil,
which, in turn is held from loss to the sea by the verdant vegetation. But,
basaltic lava and tropical trees do not provide the ingredients for gas
manufacturing. Hence, the five major islands had the same virtual access to
light and heat; oil of variable densities and grades, as brought to them by
traders seeking the islands’ varied agricultural output, mainly sugar.
1859 was the
year of introduction of manufactured gas to Hawaii (at Honolulu, island of Oahu)
, by way of Whethered & Tiffany, San Francisco gasworks constructors.
Authorization was by way of a Legislative Act, awarding a 15-year franchise to
Local businessmen money was forthcoming and the works was constructed near the
major hotels of the time. “all the major hotels along Hotel Street were lighted
with gas” and Mr. Tiffany returned to San Francisco, to procure additional
gas-manufacturing equipment. He was never seen again on the island. The gasworks
became abandoned eventually and Honolulu was devoid of commercial lighting
until the arrival of electricity about 1883.
gas did not return to the Islands until 1895, and, as before, then only to
Honolulu, as the Honolulu Gas Co., again owned by local investors, and designed
by Leon P. Lowe, of San Francisco, elder son of Prof. T.S.C. Lowe, inventor of
carbureted water gas, and managed by California gas engineer Walter M. Brown. By
1912, the works were managed by and managed by veteran English gas engineer
Harry L. Stronge, who was adding a second gas holder, one of 200,000 cf, giving
some indication of the maximum daily production capacity. Gas was manufactured,
under a series of large-corporation owners, until 1987 and the gasworks, now a
prime real estate site, was in planning for remediation and redevelopment in
tourist and agriculture boom of the 1920s, Hilo (on the largest island, Hawaii)
saw the construction of another oil-gas plant, first promoted in 1916, as the
Hilo Gas Company.
consideration of the tropical climate and the high value of timber and finished
wood imported to the islands, it is reasonable to expect that several wood
treatment plants will eventually be discovered to have operated and to have
released their usual PAH contaminants. In this connection, the former wood
treatment plant of the Kekaha Sugar Co., Ltd. At the town of that name (Island
of Kauai) has been under remedial attention since before 2004.
Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
Hawaii map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.
Click the green "Hatheway" link
below to view the
Hawaii map of Professor Hatheway's research.
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